Mastiha Villages
Agios Georgios Sikoussis is built on a hilltop. The village has a wonderful view over Chios’ Kampos, the sea and the coast of Asia Minor. The community was founded in 1518 by monk Sophronius Sepsis, who organized the first settlement…
Armolia is a village situated in a relatively flat country south of mount “Likouri”. Up on that mountain, one can see the well-preserved Genoese Apolichnon castle. In it, the Genoese lords had housed the administrative seat of Mastiha villages (Mastihohoria)…
Elata is situated on a semi-mountainous region, up on a rocky hill; on the hilltop, just south of the village, there are three old windmills that can still be seen today. The village is situated quite far from sea, but…
Exo Didima is one of the smallest villages in southern Chios and might have taken its final form during the Genoese Occupation. Close to the village, there is the Byzantine monastery of Panagia Sikelia. The Monastery’s premises are said to…
Flatsia is a small village next to Nenita and its few inhabitants are mostly farmers. They cultivate lentisks and olive trees. Agios Georgios Stoupion is the pride of the village and used to be a lepers’ hospital. Locals have done…
Kalamoti is one of the largest medieval Mastiha villages in the centre of southern Chios and stretches out on a fertile plain. In Byzantine times, it used to be the largest and most important in the area and during the…
Kallimasia is one of the largest Mastiha villages. It is built on a verdant plain dotted with olive trees. Seven older settlements were unified to create Kallimasia. On March 22, 1881, Chios was struck by the most destructive earthquake in…
Kataraktis is a coastal village in southeastern Chios with a beautiful small harbour. The village has a lovely beach and many taverns offering fresh fish and seafood. In the surrounding area, there is Panagia Rouchouniotissa monastery. Old Kataraktis was built…
Kini is a small village of southern Chios. It had all the characteristic traits of a medieval settlement but was completely destroyed by the earthquake of 1881, so its medieval character was ultimately lost. Compared to the size of its…
Lithi is situated in a semi-mountainous area on Chios’ western coast, with a view over the Aegean Sea. The village has not preserved the pattern of a village-castle. The ancient settlement with its quadrangle fortification has been surrounded since the…
Messa Didima is a lovely small village very close to its twin village, Exo Didima. Its first actual foundation as a settlement dates from the Genoese Occupation (1280 -1320 AD). The old village was built around a prairie. Today’s central…
Mesta is the most exquisite example of the kind of fortress-like fortification that we remark all over southern Chios’ villages, and has been preserved better than all the other Mastihohoria. The form of this village is perhaps unique in Greece.…
Mirmigi is a small Mastiha village, built on hills covered with olive trees, lentisks and many other kinds of trees that account for the area’s lush vegetation and create a magnificent landscape. At the western edge of the village, there…
Nenita is one of the largest and most developed villages in southern Chios. It is located at the southeastern end of the island, on the flat plateau of a wide ridge with a sea view over the coast of Asia…
Neochori is just a few kilometres away from Kampos and Chios town. There are medieval manuscripts referring to the village, but there is no evidence proving that it was indeed a medieval village. It is a relatively new settlement, something…
Olimpi is built on a flat country away from sea. It is a medieval village of the 14th century and has been qualified as a preservable monument. The village has nicely preserved the pattern of a medieval "village-castle", walled by…
Pagida is a small village of southeastern Chios, with renowned musicians and masons. Most of its inhabitants today are mastiha growers and olive oil producers. According to folk tradition, Pagida used to be the administrative centre of the surrounding area.…
Patrika is a small, picturesque village of southeastern Chios. According to manuscripts discovered, its first house was built in 1050. The village was once walled and had castle-gates in accordance with the pattern of the "village-castles" of southern Chios. But…
The village of Pirgi is especially rich from an archaeological, folklore and linguistic point of view. Its pattern is oval-shaped and surrounded by a medieval enclosure formed by the external walls of the outlining houses. There were only two exits…
Thimiana is one of the largest villages in Chios and is located very close to Kampos and Chios town. Formerly named Efthimiana, the site was known for its many stone quarries, from where people used to extract the so-called thimiana…
Tholopotami is built on the mountainside of Profitis Ilias, at an altitude of 535 metres and its municipal territory also includes the small settlement Sklavia. The village has a sea view that stretches until the coast of Asia Minor. It…
Vavili is a village built on a small plateau, as to the south rise Anemonas mountain range and to the southwest Sklavia hills. There is a small Byzantine museum with church items of great value and admirable icons from Panagia…
Vessa was created when 3 smaller settlements were unified into one village. It is a semi-mountainous village, built on a valley. It is a very picturesque, medieval village with narrow alleys and traditional architecture. It is characterized by all the…